[linux-next] LinuxNextTracking branch, master, updated. next-20170804

batman at open-mesh.org batman at open-mesh.org
Sat Aug 5 00:16:04 CEST 2017


The following commit has been merged in the master branch:
commit e45eba2467bd64fd196dc6f8b50ff5e59c0058da
Author: Sven Eckelmann <sven at narfation.org>
Date:   Wed Jul 12 13:14:48 2017 +0200

    batman-adv: Convert batman-adv.txt to reStructuredText
    
    Converting the freeform text to parsable reStructuredText, allows the
    integration in the sphinx based documentation system of the kernel. It will
    therefore be accessible as hypertext under
    https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/
    
    Signed-off-by: Sven Eckelmann <sven at narfation.org>
    Signed-off-by: Simon Wunderlich <sw at simonwunderlich.de>

diff --git a/Documentation/networking/00-INDEX b/Documentation/networking/00-INDEX
index c6beb5f1637f..7a79b3587dd3 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/00-INDEX
+++ b/Documentation/networking/00-INDEX
@@ -30,8 +30,6 @@ atm.txt
 	- info on where to get ATM programs and support for Linux.
 ax25.txt
 	- info on using AX.25 and NET/ROM code for Linux
-batman-adv.txt
-	- B.A.T.M.A.N routing protocol on top of layer 2 Ethernet Frames.
 baycom.txt
 	- info on the driver for Baycom style amateur radio modems
 bonding.txt
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/batman-adv.rst b/Documentation/networking/batman-adv.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a342b2cc3dc6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/networking/batman-adv.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,220 @@
+==========
+batman-adv
+==========
+
+Batman advanced is a new approach to wireless networking which does no longer
+operate on the IP basis. Unlike the batman daemon, which exchanges information
+using UDP packets and sets routing tables, batman-advanced operates on ISO/OSI
+Layer 2 only and uses and routes (or better: bridges) Ethernet Frames. It
+emulates a virtual network switch of all nodes participating. Therefore all
+nodes appear to be link local, thus all higher operating protocols won't be
+affected by any changes within the network. You can run almost any protocol
+above batman advanced, prominent examples are: IPv4, IPv6, DHCP, IPX.
+
+Batman advanced was implemented as a Linux kernel driver to reduce the overhead
+to a minimum. It does not depend on any (other) network driver, and can be used
+on wifi as well as ethernet lan, vpn, etc ... (anything with ethernet-style
+layer 2).
+
+
+Configuration
+=============
+
+Load the batman-adv module into your kernel::
+
+  $ insmod batman-adv.ko
+
+The module is now waiting for activation. You must add some interfaces on which
+batman can operate. After loading the module batman advanced will scan your
+systems interfaces to search for compatible interfaces. Once found, it will
+create subfolders in the ``/sys`` directories of each supported interface,
+e.g.::
+
+  $ ls /sys/class/net/eth0/batman_adv/
+  elp_interval iface_status mesh_iface throughput_override
+
+If an interface does not have the ``batman_adv`` subfolder, it probably is not
+supported. Not supported interfaces are: loopback, non-ethernet and batman's
+own interfaces.
+
+Note: After the module was loaded it will continuously watch for new
+interfaces to verify the compatibility. There is no need to reload the module
+if you plug your USB wifi adapter into your machine after batman advanced was
+initially loaded.
+
+The batman-adv soft-interface can be created using the iproute2 tool ``ip``::
+
+  $ ip link add name bat0 type batadv
+
+To activate a given interface simply attach it to the ``bat0`` interface::
+
+  $ ip link set dev eth0 master bat0
+
+Repeat this step for all interfaces you wish to add. Now batman starts
+using/broadcasting on this/these interface(s).
+
+By reading the "iface_status" file you can check its status::
+
+  $ cat /sys/class/net/eth0/batman_adv/iface_status
+  active
+
+To deactivate an interface you have to detach it from the "bat0" interface::
+
+  $ ip link set dev eth0 nomaster
+
+
+All mesh wide settings can be found in batman's own interface folder::
+
+  $ ls /sys/class/net/bat0/mesh/
+  aggregated_ogms       fragmentation isolation_mark routing_algo
+  ap_isolation          gw_bandwidth  log_level      vlan0
+  bonding               gw_mode       multicast_mode
+  bridge_loop_avoidance gw_sel_class  network_coding
+  distributed_arp_table hop_penalty   orig_interval
+
+There is a special folder for debugging information::
+
+  $ ls /sys/kernel/debug/batman_adv/bat0/
+  bla_backbone_table log         neighbors         transtable_local
+  bla_claim_table    mcast_flags originators
+  dat_cache          nc          socket
+  gateways           nc_nodes    transtable_global
+
+Some of the files contain all sort of status information regarding the mesh
+network. For example, you can view the table of originators (mesh
+participants) with::
+
+  $ cat /sys/kernel/debug/batman_adv/bat0/originators
+
+Other files allow to change batman's behaviour to better fit your requirements.
+For instance, you can check the current originator interval (value in
+milliseconds which determines how often batman sends its broadcast packets)::
+
+  $ cat /sys/class/net/bat0/mesh/orig_interval
+  1000
+
+and also change its value::
+
+  $ echo 3000 > /sys/class/net/bat0/mesh/orig_interval
+
+In very mobile scenarios, you might want to adjust the originator interval to a
+lower value. This will make the mesh more responsive to topology changes, but
+will also increase the overhead.
+
+
+Usage
+=====
+
+To make use of your newly created mesh, batman advanced provides a new
+interface "bat0" which you should use from this point on. All interfaces added
+to batman advanced are not relevant any longer because batman handles them for
+you. Basically, one "hands over" the data by using the batman interface and
+batman will make sure it reaches its destination.
+
+The "bat0" interface can be used like any other regular interface. It needs an
+IP address which can be either statically configured or dynamically (by using
+DHCP or similar services)::
+
+  NodeA: ip link set up dev bat0
+  NodeA: ip addr add 192.168.0.1/24 dev bat0
+
+  NodeB: ip link set up dev bat0
+  NodeB: ip addr add 192.168.0.2/24 dev bat0
+  NodeB: ping 192.168.0.1
+
+Note: In order to avoid problems remove all IP addresses previously assigned to
+interfaces now used by batman advanced, e.g.::
+
+  $ ip addr flush dev eth0
+
+
+Logging/Debugging
+=================
+
+All error messages, warnings and information messages are sent to the kernel
+log. Depending on your operating system distribution this can be read in one of
+a number of ways. Try using the commands: ``dmesg``, ``logread``, or looking in
+the files ``/var/log/kern.log`` or ``/var/log/syslog``. All batman-adv messages
+are prefixed with "batman-adv:" So to see just these messages try::
+
+  $ dmesg | grep batman-adv
+
+When investigating problems with your mesh network, it is sometimes necessary to
+see more detail debug messages. This must be enabled when compiling the
+batman-adv module. When building batman-adv as part of kernel, use "make
+menuconfig" and enable the option ``B.A.T.M.A.N. debugging``
+(``CONFIG_BATMAN_ADV_DEBUG=y``).
+
+Those additional debug messages can be accessed using a special file in
+debugfs::
+
+  $ cat /sys/kernel/debug/batman_adv/bat0/log
+
+The additional debug output is by default disabled. It can be enabled during
+run time. Following log_levels are defined:
+
+.. flat-table::
+
+   * - 0
+     - All debug output disabled
+   * - 1
+     - Enable messages related to routing / flooding / broadcasting
+   * - 2
+     - Enable messages related to route added / changed / deleted
+   * - 4
+     - Enable messages related to translation table operations
+   * - 8
+     - Enable messages related to bridge loop avoidance
+   * - 16
+     - Enable messages related to DAT, ARP snooping and parsing
+   * - 32
+     - Enable messages related to network coding
+   * - 64
+     - Enable messages related to multicast
+   * - 128
+     - Enable messages related to throughput meter
+   * - 255
+     - Enable all messages
+
+The debug output can be changed at runtime using the file
+``/sys/class/net/bat0/mesh/log_level``. e.g.::
+
+  $ echo 6 > /sys/class/net/bat0/mesh/log_level
+
+will enable debug messages for when routes change.
+
+Counters for different types of packets entering and leaving the batman-adv
+module are available through ethtool::
+
+  $ ethtool --statistics bat0
+
+
+batctl
+======
+
+As batman advanced operates on layer 2, all hosts participating in the virtual
+switch are completely transparent for all protocols above layer 2. Therefore
+the common diagnosis tools do not work as expected. To overcome these problems,
+batctl was created. At the moment the batctl contains ping, traceroute, tcpdump
+and interfaces to the kernel module settings.
+
+For more information, please see the manpage (``man batctl``).
+
+batctl is available on https://www.open-mesh.org/
+
+
+Contact
+=======
+
+Please send us comments, experiences, questions, anything :)
+
+IRC:
+  #batman on irc.freenode.org
+Mailing-list:
+  b.a.t.m.a.n at open-mesh.org (optional subscription at
+  https://lists.open-mesh.org/mm/listinfo/b.a.t.m.a.n)
+
+You can also contact the Authors:
+
+* Marek Lindner <mareklindner at neomailbox.ch>
+* Simon Wunderlich <sw at simonwunderlich.de>
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/batman-adv.txt b/Documentation/networking/batman-adv.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index ccf94677b240..000000000000
--- a/Documentation/networking/batman-adv.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,215 +0,0 @@
-BATMAN-ADV
-----------
-
-Batman  advanced  is  a new approach to wireless networking which
-does no longer operate on the IP basis. Unlike the batman daemon,
-which  exchanges  information  using UDP packets and sets routing
-tables, batman-advanced operates on ISO/OSI Layer 2 only and uses
-and  routes  (or  better: bridges) Ethernet Frames. It emulates a
-virtual network switch of all nodes participating.  Therefore all
-nodes  appear  to be link local, thus all higher operating proto-
-cols won't be affected by any changes within the network. You can
-run almost any protocol above batman advanced, prominent examples
-are: IPv4, IPv6, DHCP, IPX.
-
-Batman advanced was implemented as a Linux kernel driver  to  re-
-duce the overhead to a minimum. It does not depend on any (other)
-network driver, and can be used on wifi as well as ethernet  lan,
-vpn,  etc ... (anything with ethernet-style layer 2).
-
-
-CONFIGURATION
--------------
-
-Load the batman-adv module into your kernel:
-
-# insmod batman-adv.ko
-
-The  module  is now waiting for activation. You must add some in-
-terfaces on which batman can operate. After  loading  the  module
-batman  advanced  will scan your systems interfaces to search for
-compatible interfaces. Once found, it will create  subfolders  in
-the /sys directories of each supported interface, e.g.
-
-# ls /sys/class/net/eth0/batman_adv/
-# elp_interval  iface_status  mesh_iface  throughput_override
-
-If an interface does not have the "batman_adv" subfolder it prob-
-ably is not supported. Not supported  interfaces  are:  loopback,
-non-ethernet and batman's own interfaces.
-
-Note:  After the module was loaded it will continuously watch for
-new interfaces to verify the compatibility. There is no  need  to
-reload the module if you plug your USB wifi adapter into your ma-
-chine after batman advanced was initially loaded.
-
-The batman-adv soft-interface can be created using  the  iproute2
-tool "ip"
-
-# ip link add name bat0 type batadv
-
-To  activate a  given  interface  simply  attach it to the "bat0"
-interface
-
-# ip link set dev eth0 master bat0
-
-Repeat  this step for all interfaces you wish to add.  Now batman
-starts using/broadcasting on this/these interface(s).
-
-By reading the "iface_status" file you can check its status:
-
-# cat /sys/class/net/eth0/batman_adv/iface_status
-# active
-
-To  deactivate  an  interface  you  have   to  detach it from the
-"bat0" interface:
-
-# ip link set dev eth0 nomaster
-
-
-All  mesh  wide  settings  can be found in batman's own interface
-folder:
-
-# ls /sys/class/net/bat0/mesh/
-# aggregated_ogms        fragmentation  isolation_mark  routing_algo
-# ap_isolation           gw_bandwidth   log_level       vlan0
-# bonding                gw_mode        multicast_mode
-# bridge_loop_avoidance  gw_sel_class   network_coding
-# distributed_arp_table  hop_penalty    orig_interval
-
-There is a special folder for debugging information:
-
-# ls /sys/kernel/debug/batman_adv/bat0/
-# bla_backbone_table  log          neighbors          transtable_local
-# bla_claim_table     mcast_flags  originators
-# dat_cache           nc           socket
-# gateways            nc_nodes     transtable_global
-
-Some of the files contain all sort of status information  regard-
-ing  the  mesh  network.  For  example, you can view the table of
-originators (mesh participants) with:
-
-# cat /sys/kernel/debug/batman_adv/bat0/originators
-
-Other files allow to change batman's behaviour to better fit your
-requirements.  For instance, you can check the current originator
-interval (value in milliseconds which determines how often batman
-sends its broadcast packets):
-
-# cat /sys/class/net/bat0/mesh/orig_interval
-# 1000
-
-and also change its value:
-
-# echo 3000 > /sys/class/net/bat0/mesh/orig_interval
-
-In very mobile scenarios, you might want to adjust the originator
-interval to a lower value. This will make the mesh  more  respon-
-sive to topology changes, but will also increase the overhead.
-
-
-USAGE
------
-
-To  make use of your newly created mesh, batman advanced provides
-a new interface "bat0" which you should use from this  point  on.
-All  interfaces  added  to  batman  advanced are not relevant any
-longer because batman handles them for you. Basically, one "hands
-over" the data by using the batman interface and batman will make
-sure it reaches its destination.
-
-The "bat0" interface can be used like any  other  regular  inter-
-face.  It needs an IP address which can be either statically con-
-figured or dynamically (by using DHCP or similar services):
-
-# NodeA: ip link set up dev bat0
-# NodeA: ip addr add 192.168.0.1/24 dev bat0
-
-# NodeB: ip link set up dev bat0
-# NodeB: ip addr add 192.168.0.2/24 dev bat0
-# NodeB: ping 192.168.0.1
-
-Note:  In  order to avoid problems remove all IP addresses previ-
-ously assigned to interfaces now used by batman advanced, e.g.
-
-# ip addr flush dev eth0
-
-
-LOGGING/DEBUGGING
------------------
-
-All error messages, warnings and information messages are sent to
-the kernel log. Depending on your operating  system  distribution
-this  can  be read in one of a number of ways. Try using the com-
-mands: dmesg, logread, or looking in the files  /var/log/kern.log
-or  /var/log/syslog.  All  batman-adv  messages are prefixed with
-"batman-adv:" So to see just these messages try
-
-# dmesg | grep batman-adv
-
-When investigating problems with your mesh network  it  is  some-
-times  necessary  to see more detail debug messages. This must be
-enabled when compiling the batman-adv module. When building  bat-
-man-adv  as  part of kernel, use "make menuconfig" and enable the
-option "B.A.T.M.A.N. debugging".
-
-Those additional  debug messages can be accessed  using a special
-file in debugfs
-
-# cat /sys/kernel/debug/batman_adv/bat0/log
-
-The additional debug output is by default disabled. It can be en-
-abled  during run time. Following log_levels are defined:
-
-  0 - All  debug  output  disabled
-  1 - Enable messages related to routing / flooding / broadcasting
-  2 - Enable messages related to route added / changed / deleted
-  4 - Enable messages related to translation table operations
-  8 - Enable messages related to bridge loop avoidance
- 16 - Enable messages related to DAT, ARP snooping and parsing
- 32 - Enable messages related to network coding
- 64 - Enable messages related to multicast
-128 - Enable messages related to throughput meter
-255 - Enable all messages
-
-The debug output can be changed at runtime  using  the  file
-/sys/class/net/bat0/mesh/log_level. e.g.
-
-# echo 6 > /sys/class/net/bat0/mesh/log_level
-
-will enable debug messages for when routes change.
-
-Counters for different types of packets entering and leaving the
-batman-adv module are available through ethtool:
-
-# ethtool --statistics bat0
-
-
-BATCTL
-------
-
-As batman advanced operates on layer 2 all hosts participating in
-the  virtual switch are completely transparent for all  protocols
-above layer 2. Therefore the common diagnosis tools do  not  work
-as  expected.  To  overcome these problems batctl was created. At
-the  moment the  batctl contains ping,  traceroute,  tcpdump  and
-interfaces to the kernel module settings.
-
-For more information, please see the manpage (man batctl).
-
-batctl is available on https://www.open-mesh.org/
-
-
-CONTACT
--------
-
-Please send us comments, experiences, questions, anything :)
-
-IRC:            #batman   on   irc.freenode.org
-Mailing-list:   b.a.t.m.a.n at open-mesh.org (optional  subscription
-          at https://lists.open-mesh.org/mm/listinfo/b.a.t.m.a.n)
-
-You can also contact the Authors:
-
-Marek  Lindner  <mareklindner at neomailbox.ch>
-Simon  Wunderlich  <sw at simonwunderlich.de>
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/index.rst b/Documentation/networking/index.rst
index b5bd87e01f52..66e620866245 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/networking/index.rst
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@ Contents:
 .. toctree::
    :maxdepth: 2
 
+   batman-adv
    kapi
    z8530book
 
diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 205d3977ac46..c28a1325724c 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -2481,7 +2481,7 @@ Q:	https://patchwork.open-mesh.org/project/batman/list/
 S:	Maintained
 F:	Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-net-batman-adv
 F:	Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-net-mesh
-F:	Documentation/networking/batman-adv.txt
+F:	Documentation/networking/batman-adv.rst
 F:	include/uapi/linux/batman_adv.h
 F:	net/batman-adv/
 

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